A concert between biology and biomechanics: The influence of the mechanical environment on bone healing

Vaida Glatt, Christopher H. Evans, Kevin Tetsworth

Producción científica: Review articlerevisión exhaustiva

105 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In order to achieve consistent and predictable fracture healing, a broad spectrum of growth factors are required to interact with one another in a highly organized response. Critically important, the mechanical environment around the fracture site will significantly influence the way bone heals, or if it heals at all. The role of the various biological factors, the timing, and spatial relationship of their introduction, and how the mechanical environment orchestrates this activity, are all crucial aspects to consider. This review will synthesize decades of work and the acquired knowledge that has been used to develop new treatments and technologies for the regeneration and healing of bone. Moreover, it will discuss the current state of the art in experimental and clinical studies concerning the application of these mechano-biological principles to enhance bone healing, by controlling the mechanical environment under which bone regeneration takes place. This includes everything from the basic principles of fracture healing, to the influence of mechanical forces on bone regeneration, and how this knowledge has influenced current clinical practice. Finally, it will examine the efforts now being made for the integration of this research together with the findings of complementary studies in biology, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. By bringing together these diverse disciplines in a cohesive manner, the potential exists to enhance fracture healing and ultimately improve clinical outcomes.

Idioma originalEnglish (US)
Número de artículo678
PublicaciónFrontiers in Physiology
Volumen7
N.ºJAN
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology

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