Young Latinas recall contraceptive use before and after pregnancy: A focus group study

Melissa L. Gilliam, Meredith M. Warden, Beatriz Tapia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Study objective To understand factors influencing use and nonuse of contraception in young, low-income Latina adolescents through focus group conversations. Design We conducted seven focus group discussions with Latino females in an outpatient clinic and community setting. Qualitative data analyses techniques were used. Setting Participants were recruited from the outpatient gynecology clinic at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and from the Easter Seals Day Care Center. Participants Women were recruited if they were Latina and between the ages of 18-26 (n=40). Results Due to lack of information and family beliefs prohibiting birth control use and sexual activity, sexually active teenagers had high rates of contraceptive non-use and relied on irregular use of condoms and withdrawal for pregnancy prevention. Following pregnancy, participants had greater access to contraception and more determination to use it. Yet, persistent use of withdrawal and irregular use of hormonal contraception may place Latina mothers at risk for repeat pregnancy. Conclusions Different approaches are needed for prevention of the first pregnancy compared to subsequent ones among Latino adolescents and young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-287
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2004


  • Adolescents
  • Contraception
  • Latino
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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