Willingness to Use Long-Acting Injectable PrEP Among PrEP Naïve Black and Hispanic Sexual Gender Minority Persons

Chukwuemeka N. Okafor, Lisa Eaton, Ryan Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In December 2021, long-acting injectable pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAI-PrEP) was approved for the prevention of HIV in at-risk adults and adolescents. LAI-PrEP may address adherence issues of daily oral daily PrEP and PrEP stigma. However, studies assessing LAI-PrEP willingness among PrEP naive Black and Hispanic sexual and gender minority (SGM) persons– a group disproportionately impacted by the HIV epidemic in the United States – is rare. To assess the extent of and characteristics of willingness to use LAI-PrEP in a national sample of Black and Hispanic SGM who are self-reported that they have never used PrEP. We analyzed data from a national sample of Black and Hispanic SGM collected between March and August 2020. We used log-binomial regression models to assess characteristics associated with willingness to use LAI-PrEP. Of the overall sample (N = 380), the mean age was 24 (SD = 2.8) and the majority of the sample (54%, n = 205) reported willingness to use LAI-PrEP. In multivariable log-binomial regression models, PrEP stigma was independently associated with less [prevalence ratio (PR) = 0.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.6, 0.9], while number of sexual partners in the past 12 months was associated with a more willingness to use LAI-PrEP (PR = 1.1, 95% CI = 1.0, 1.2). Our findings highlight the persistence of PrEP stigma as a potential barrier to willingness to use LAI-PrEP in this sample of Black and Hispanic SGM who have never used PrEP. Additional work needs to be done to reduce PrEP stigma more broadly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2166-2174
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • Black
  • HIV prevention
  • Hispanic
  • Long-acting PrEP
  • Sexual and gender minority persons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Social Psychology

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