Whole body and tissue cholesterol turnover in the baboon

R. B. Dell, G. E. Mott, E. M. Jackson, R. Ramakrishnan, K. D. Carey, H. C. McGill, D. S. Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cholesterol turnover was studied in 4 baboons by injecting [14C]cholesterol 186 days and [3H]cholesterol 4 days before necropsy, and fitting a two- or three-pool model to the resulting specific activity-time data. At necropsy, cholesterol mass and specific activity were determined for the total body (minus the central nervous system) and for many tissues. A pool model permits the estimation, from the plasma specific activity-time curve alone, of total body cholesterol within a limited range, depending upon the extent of side pool synthesis. The principal aim of this study was to estimate the extent of cholesterol synthesis in the side pools of the model, by computing the amount of side pool synthesis needed to equal the measured total body cholesterol. Central pool synthesis varied from 61 to 89% of the total cholesterol production rate. Thus, approximately 25% (11 to 39%) of the production rate arose from peripheral (pool 3 for the three-pool, and pool 2 for the two-pool model) cholesterol synthesis. Moreover, the finding that the measured total body cholesterol fell within the range obtained from the kinetic analysis by using reasonable assumptions (namely, that zero or that half the production rate occurred in the side pools), provides evidence for the physiological validity of the model. A second aim of this study was to explore cholesterol turnover in various tissues. A pool model predicts that rapidly turning over tissues will have higher specific activities at early times and lower specific activities at later times after injection of tracer relative to slowly turning over tissues, except where significant synthesis occurs. Tissues were ranked 1 to 17 for 3H and 17 to 1 for 14C cholesterol specific activity values. Except for the GI tract and testis, the tissues had similar ranks for both 3H and 14C, further validating model predictions. Results in all 4 baboons were similar. Turnover rates for the different tissues loosely fell into 3 groups which were turning over at fast, intermediate, and slow rates. Finally, the magnitude of variation of cholesterol specific activity was moderate for several distributed tissues (fat, muscle, arteries, and the alimentary tract), but was small for liver. Cholesterol turnover in serial biopsies of skin, muscle, and fat could, however, be fitted with a single pool to estimate tissue turnover rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-337
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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