Who is JUULing and Why? An Examination of Young Adult Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Users

Kathleen R. Case, Josephine T. Hinds, Me Lisa R. Creamer, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare characteristics of usual JUUL users versus other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) users, examine differences in reasons for use and perceptions across ENDS user groups, and identify significant correlates of usual JUUL use. Methods: This study used data from 510 young adult ENDS users (ages 18–29 years) from Wave 7 (Spring 2018) of the Marketing and Promotions Across Colleges in Texas Project (Project M-PACT). Chi-Square analyses, independent t-tests, and mixed-effects logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with usual JUUL use. Four separate regression analyses were conducted based on independent variables of interest; all models included demographics and ENDS/other tobacco use behaviors as covariates. Results: Compared with other ENDS users, usual JUUL users were more likely to be male, younger, smoke cigarettes, reported a higher socioeconomic status (SES), used ENDS on more days in the past 30 days, and reported nicotine “hit” as a reason for use. Usual JUUL users had a higher prevalence of perceiving JUUL/pod vapes as addictive compared with other ENDS users, although perceived addictiveness was not significant in the multivariable models nor were the cessation and dependence measures different between ENDS user groups. Conclusions: Results highlight concerns about the dual use of JUUL and cigarettes and raise additional concerns about the high nicotine concentration of JUUL. Future longitudinal research is needed to determine if usual JUUL users are more likely to develop symptoms of nicotine dependence compared with other ENDS users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Electronic cigarettes
  • JUUL
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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