Water-soluble 20(S)-glycinate esters of two highly potent 10,11- methylenedioxy analogues of camptothecin (CPT) have been synthesized and evaluated for their ability to eradicate human breast cancer tumor xenografts. The glycinate ester moiety increases the water solubility of the 10,11-methylenedioxy analogues 4-16-fold. However, in contrast to CPT11, a water-soluble CPT analogue that was recently approved for second line treatment of colorectal cancer, the 20(S)-glycinate esters do not require carboxylesterase for conversion to their active forms. The glycinate esters are hydrolyzed to their parent, free 20(S)-hydroxyl active analogues in phosphate buffer (pH 7.5) and in mouse and human plasma. The glycinate esters are also 20-40-fold less potent than CPT-11 in inhibiting human acetylcholinesterase. In vivo, we examined 20(S)-glycinate-10,11- methylenedioxycamptothecin, 20(S)-glycinate-7-chloromethyl-10,11- methylenedioxycamptothecin, and CPT-11. We found that the two 10,11- methylenedioxy analogues had antitumor activity against breast cancer xenografts that was comparable to that of CPT-11. Our results indicate that water-soluble 20(S)-glycinate esters of highly potent CPT analogues provide compounds that maintain biological activity, do not require interactions with carboxylesterases, and do not inhibit human acetylcholinesterase.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research