Visual outcomes of acute bacterial endophthalmitis treated with adjuvant intravitreal dexamethasone: A meta-analysis and systematic review

Christa Soekamto, Luca Rosignoli, Christopher Zhu, Daniel Johnson, Jeong Hyeon Sohn, Sepehr Bahadorani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adjunctive treatment of bacterial endophthalmitis with intravitreal steroids is a topic of controversy among many ophthalmologists. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of intravitreal dexamethasone on the visual outcomes of patients with acute bacterial endophthalmitis through a systematic review and meta-analysis. A literature search of PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases was performed to include studies on the visual outcomes of adjuvant intravitreal dexamethasone in patients with acute bacterial endophthalmitis. The review is based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) protocol. A total of 1545 articles met our search criteria and after further review, two randomized controlled trials and three retrospective case series were included in the final analysis. A total of 126 eyes were treated with intravitreal dexamethasone combined with antibiotics, and another 139 eyes were treated with antibiotics alone. All cases of endophthalmitis were post-operative or post-intravitreal injection, with pooled results demonstrating no visual benefit with supplementation of intravitreal dexamethasone. Our meta-analysis does not show any visual benefit from steroid supplementation and yet, considering a relatively small number of patients included in each study, larger randomized controlled trials are required to further clarify the role of steroids in the treatment of acute bacterial endophthalmitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2835-2841
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume70
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • endophthalmitis
  • steroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Visual outcomes of acute bacterial endophthalmitis treated with adjuvant intravitreal dexamethasone: A meta-analysis and systematic review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this