VIP/PACAP receptor mediation of cutaneous active vasodilation during heat stress in humans

Dean L. Kellogg, Joan L. Zhao, Yubo Wu, John M. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is implicated in cutaneous active vasodilation in humans. VIP and the closely related pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) act through several receptor types: VIP through VPAC1 and VPAC2 receptors and PACAP through VPAC1, VPAC2, and PAC1 receptors. We examined participation of VPAC2 and/or PAC1 receptors in cutaneous vasodilation during heat stress by testing the effects of their specific blockade with PACAP6-38. PACAP6-38 dissolved in Ringer's was administered by intradermal microdialysis at one forearm site while a control site received Ringer's solution. Skin blood flow was monitored by laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). Blood pressure was monitored noninvasively and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) calculated. A 5- to 10-min baseline period was followed by ∼70 min of PACAP6-38 (100 μm) perfusion at one site in normothermia and a 3-min period of body cooling. Whole body heating was then performed to engage cutaneous active vasodilation and was maintained until CVC had plateaued at an elevated level at all sites for 5-10 min. Finally, 58 mM sodium nitroprusside was perfused through both microdialysis sites to effect maximal vasodilation. No CVC differences were found between control and PACAP6-38-treated sites during normothermia (19 ± 3%max untreated vs. 20 ± 3%max, PACAP6-38 treated; P > 0.05 between sites) or cold stress (11 ± 2%max untreated vs. 10 ± 2%max, PACAP6-38 treated, P > 0.05 between, sites). PACAP6-38 attenuated the increase in CVC during whole body heating when compared with untreated sites (59 ± 3%max untreated vs. 46 ± 3%max, PACAP6-38 treated, P < 0.05). We conclude that VPAC2 and/or PAC1 receptor activation, is involved in cutaneous active vasodilation in humans. Copyright &

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • Laser-Doppler flowmetry
  • Microdialysis
  • PAC1
  • Thermoregulation
  • VPAC2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology


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