Vibrio flagellar synthesis

Mylea A. Echazarreta, Karl E. Klose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vibrio spp. are highly motile Gram-negative bacteria, ubiquitously found in aquatic environments. Some Vibrios are responsible for disease and morbidity of marine invertebrates and humans, while others are studied for their symbiotic interactions. Vibrio spp. are motile due to synthesis of flagella that rotate and propel the bacteria. Many Vibrio spp. synthesize monotrichous polar flagella (e.g., V. cholerae, V. alginolyticus); however, some synthesize peritrichous or lophotrichous flagella. Flagellar-mediated motility is intimately connected to biological and cellular processes such as chemotaxis, biofilm formation, colonization, and virulence of Vibrio spp. This review focuses on the polar flagellum and its regulation in regard to Vibrio virulence and environmental persistence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number131
JournalFrontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Volume9
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biofilm
  • Chemotaxis
  • Flagella
  • Motility
  • Vibrio
  • Virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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