Veteran Engagement in Health Services Research: a Conceptual Model

Sara J. Knight, Jeffrey P. Haibach, Alison B. Hamilton, Jeff Whittle, Sarah S. Ono, Jorie Butler, Mark Flower, Carolyn D. Ray, Mary Jo Pugh, Susan L. Zickmund

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


With 20 million living veterans and millions more immediate family members, and approximately 9 million veterans enrolled in the nationally networked VA healthcare system, representing the interests and needs of veterans in this complex community is a substantial endeavor. Based on the importance of engaging Veterans in research, the VA Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Service convened a Working Group of VA researchers and Veterans to conduct a review of patient engagement models and develop recommendations for an approach to engage Veterans in health research that would incorporate their unique lived experiences and interests, and their perspectives on research priorities. The Working Group considered the specific context for Veteran engagement in research that includes other VA stakeholders from the operational and clinical leadership of the VA Health Administration (VHA). The resulting model identifies the range of potential stakeholders and three domains of relevant constructs—processes expected to facilitate Veteran engagement in research with other stakeholders, individual stakeholder and external factors, and outcomes. The expectation is that Veteran engagement will benefit research to policy and practice translation, including increasing the transparency of research and producing knowledge that is readily accepted and implemented in healthcare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-98
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
StatePublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Veteran
  • conceptual model
  • healthcare system
  • patient engagement
  • stakeholder engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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