Vasodilator Effects of Parathyroid Hormone, Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein, and Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide in the Human Fetal-Placental Circulation

Neil T. Mandsager, Anthony S. Brewer, Leslie Myatt

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the vasoactivity of calcitonin gene- related peptide (CGRP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in the human fetal-placental circulation in vitro. METHODS: Dually perfused placental cotyledons from term pregnancies were used in this study. RESULTS: Calcitonin gene-related peptide, PTHrP (both 10-10-10-6 mol/L), and PTH (10-8-10-6 mol/L) demonstrated a significant concentration-dependent vasodilator effect (P =.0007, P =.0172, P =.0063, respectively), following preconstriction with a thromboxane mimetic U46619. The CGRP-1 receptor inhibitor CGRP8-37(10 -6 mol/L) significantly in hibited (P =.0131) the CGRP-induced vasodilator effect, while the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor n-nitro-l-arginine showed no inhibitory effect. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate the vasodilator effects of CGRP, PTH, and PTHrP in the human fetal-placental circulation. Calcitonin gene-related peptide and PTHrP were of equal potency, and both were approximately 100 times more potent than PTH. This study also suggests the CGRP may exert its vasodilator effect through two classes of receptors in the human placenta and may do so independently of nitric oxide. (J Soc Gynecol Invest 1994;1: 19-24).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

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Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • parathyroid hormone
  • parathyroid hormone-related protein
  • placenta
  • vasodilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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