Five Candida albicans colonies from each infection in AIDS patients receiving fluconazole therapy for oropharyngeal candidiasis over a 2-year period were evaluated by antifungal susceptibility testing and DNA subtyping, and the results were correlated with clinical response to determine the occurrence of clinically significant selection of more-resistant C. albicans over multiple infections. A total of 534 C. albicans isolates were obtained from 38 patients who exhibited 84 episodes of infection. Antifungal susceptibility testing revealed that the MICs for 93% of the isolates were ≤8.0 μg/ml and the MICs for 7% of the isolates were ≤64 μg/ml. DNA subtyping revealed 70 different subtypes, with 78% of patients with one infection exhibiting one DNA subtype and 80% of patients with inure than one infection exhibiting multiple DNA subtypes. Also, patients who had multiple infections had lower CD4 counts than those with single infections. Differences between the single-infection group and the multiple-infection group regarding the number of DNA subtypes and CD4 counts were both statistically significant. Of the 74 evaluable infections all were successfully treated with regular-dose (100-mg/day) fluconazole, except for three patients who ultimately responded to higher-dose fluconazole. Only one patient may have shown clinically significant selection of a more-resistant C. albicans strain over multiple courses of treatment. Interestingly, MICs reached only 8.0 μg/ml, even though doses of 400 mg of fluconazole were necessary for clinical cure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)