Use of Transverse Microradiography to Quantify Mineral Loss by Erosion in Bovine Enamel

B. T. Amaechi, S. M. Higham, W. M. Edgar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


The aim of the present study was to develop transverse microradiography (TMR) in order to quantitatively assess the influence of artificial saliva and orange juice on the erosion of bovine enamel. Bovine incisors were sectioned sagittally into two equal halves. Each half was coated with acid-resistant nail varnish except for a rectangular enamel window on the labial surface of the tooth. While both halves of each tooth were immersed in pure orange juice 6 times daily for a period of 5 min at each occasion making a total of 30 min per day, one half was stored in artificial saliva and the other half in deionized distilled water between exposures to orange juice and for the remaining 12 h overnight, for 24 days making a total of 12 h of exposure to orange juice. Sections bearing intact and eroded enamel surfaces were cut from each specimen and ground to 80 μm thickness, and TMR of the sections was made. Mineral loss was quantified from the microradiographs using two-step image analysis. Mineral loss was significantly greater in those specimens cycled in orange juice and de-ionized distilled water. TMR was used successfully to quantify the mineral loss by erosion in vitro, and it is envisaged that it will be useful for specimens used in intra-oral appliances during in situ trials. Artificial saliva saturated with respect to calcium and phosphate salts can possibly remineralize an erosive lesion and may reduce the degree of erosion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
JournalCaries Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial saliva
  • Dental erosion
  • Image analysis
  • Orange juice
  • Transverse microradiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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