Use of phospholipid transfer protein as a probe to study the lipid dynamics and alkaline phosphatase activity in the brush border membrane of human term placenta

Sankar N. Sanyal, Meenakshi Goyal, Shailender S. Kanwar, Shivani Kaushal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Incubation of placental brush border membrane (BBM) along with sonicated vesicles of exogenous lipids (egg yolk PC) in the presence of phospholipid-transfer protein (PL-TP) showed a decrease in the alkaline phosphatase activity due to the change in the membrane micro-environment, such as fluidity. Effect of substrate concentration was tested by Lineweaver-Burk plot, which showed decreased Vmax and KM. The effect of temperature was probed by the Arrhenius plot, which showed no change in transition temperature, but a decline in the energy of activation both below and above the transition temperature. The protein-catalyzed transfer of phospholipid from the donor unilamellar vesicles resulted in a substantial increase in the BBM phospholipid and a net decrease in cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio. The change in membrane fluidity was assessed by translational as well as rotational diffusion of membrane extrinsic fluorescent probes, pyrene and diphenyl-hexatriene. An increased lateral mobility was recorded by the increased pyrene excimer formation. A decrease in fluorescent polarization of diphenyl-hexatriene was observed, which led to the decrease in fluorescence anisotropy and order parameter, and therefore, an increase in membrane fluidity (rotational diffusion). Mean anisotropy parameter was also decreased in the presence of PL-TP. Thus, the placental BBM alkaline phosphatase activity showed a distinct lipid dependence which may have important physiological consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry and Biodiversity
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 19 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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