A recently described medium (Haemophilus test medium [HTM]) for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Haemophilus influenzae was evaluated in this study for broth microdilution testing of Streptococcus pneumoniae. A total of 137 clinical isolates was tested against 11 antimicrobial agents, using Mueller-Hinton broth supplemented with 3% lysed horse blood in parallel with HTM. Inocula of 5 x 105 CFU/ml and incubation for 20 to 24 h were used with both media. All isolates of S. pneumoniae produced acceptable growth in both media, and MICs determined in HTM agreed closely with those determined in lysed horse blood. Drugs which provided a MIC within 1 log2 concentration difference in both media included penicillin (100%), ampicillin (98.0%), amoxicillin-clavulanate (100%), ampicillin-sulbactam (100%), cephalexin (98.9%), cefaclor (96.8%), cefuroxime (99.0%), chloramphenicol (96.2%), tetracycline (96.2%), and erythromycin (100%). HTM MICs with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were 1 to 2 log2 concentration increments higher in 92.0% of isolates than MICs determined in lysed horse blood. Based on the results of this study, HTM appears to represent a promising alternative medium for broth microdilution susceptibility testing of S. pneumoniae.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)