Background: Increased signaling through growth factor receptor pathways, including HER2, plays a role in resistance to endocrine therapy (ET) in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Inhibition of mechanistic target of rapamycin improves outcomes when used in addition to ET in patients with HR-positive MBC, who previously received ET. We hypothesized that the additional use of trastuzumab (T) or everolimus (E) could restore sensitivity to ET in patients with endocrine-resistant, HR-positive, HER2-negative MBC. Patients and Methods: Patients with endocrine-resistant HR-positive, HER2-negative MBC continued the ET during which they had experienced disease progression, and were randomized to receive T or E. At disease progression, patients could continue the therapy they were receiving and have E or T used in addition. Results: Fifty-four patients were randomized to the additional use of E (n = 30) or T (n = 24) with existing ET. Progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.7 months, and 2.2 months, respectively, and clinical benefit rate at 24 weeks was 48% and 11% for patients receiving E or T, respectively. PFS was 4.5 months and 3.1 months for patients in whom E (n = 16) or T (n = 12) was used post progression, respectively. There were no new safety signals apart from 2 patients who had a decreased ejection fraction while receiving E with ET. Conclusion: These results suggest that E, but not T, can potentially reverse resistance to ET in patients with endocrine-resistant HR-positive, HER2-negative MBC. Further, the additional use of E with an ET to which the cancer has already been exposed might offer the possibility of delaying time to use of chemotherapy. Patients with endocrine-refractory, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer were treated with everolimus (n = 30) or trastuzumab (n = 24) in addition to their existing endocrine therapy. We hypothesized that the combination could restore sensitivity to endocrine therapy. Progression-free survival was 5.7 months, and 2.2 months, and clinical benefit rate at 24 weeks was 48% and 11% for patients who received everolimus or trastuzumab, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research