Use of double gloves to protect the surgeon from blood contact during aesthetic procedures

Richard J. Greco, Jaime R. Garza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The potential for blood contact with nonintact skin puts operating room personnel at an increased risk of exposure to hepatitis or HIV virus. Frank needle-stick injury to the surgeon has been shown to occur once every 20-40 operations. It has been shown that blood contact exposure during aesthetic surgery occurs in 32% of the operations in which a single pair of surgical gloves is used (surgeon 39.7%, assistant 23%). The reduction of blood contact exposure during aesthetic surgical procedures by using two pairs of gloves was tested and demonstrated. Contact rates decreased by 70%. Outer-glove perforations occurred in 25.6% of the cases, while inner-glove perforations occurred in only 10% of the cases (surgeon 8.7%, assistant 3.5%). All of the inner-glove perforations occurred during procedures that lasted longer than two hours, and in no case was there an inner-glove defect without a corresponding outer-glove perforation. The nondominant index forger (33%) was the most common location. Double gloving during aesthetic procedures reduced the operating room personnel's risk of blood contact exposure by 70% when compared with single-glove use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-267
Number of pages3
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 1995


  • Aesthetic surgery
  • Blood
  • Gloves
  • Occupational exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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