US database study: burden and healthcare resource utilization in adults with systemic endemic mycoses and aspergillosis

Anna Forsythe, Gareth Lewis, Robyn Jordan, George R. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: This study evaluated burden of illness in immunocompromised patients with systemic mycoses (SM) eligible for itraconazole treatment, specifically, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis and aspergillosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study used an electronic medical record network integrating information from 30 US hospitals, including >34 million patients, to evaluate burden and healthcare resource utilization over 6 months following initiation of antifungal therapy. Results: Symptomatic burden experienced by each of the otherwise healthy or age >65 or immunosuppressed cohorts receiving antifungal therapy for SM was comparable but significantly greater in cancer or HIV patients and transplant recipients. Across groups, there was substantially higher healthcare resource utilization in patients with SM versus matched controls without SM. Conclusion: The total impact of SM is particularly severe in high-risk or vulnerable populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-584
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • burden
  • fungal
  • immunocompromised
  • infection
  • systemic mycoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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