Objective: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and evaluate the relationship between urinary calcium excretion and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) levels in patients with PHPT. Methods: We present a case report and a review of the medical records of patients with PHPT. Of 75 patients with PHPT substantiated by hypercalcemia and increased levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 35 were identified with laboratory evaluation of vitamin D levels and 24-hour urinary calcium excretion. These study subjects were stratified as 25-OH-D deficient, insufficient, or replete (on the basis of serum values of <15, 15 to 25, or >25 ng/mL, respectively). Total 24-hour urinary calcium excretion and the fractional excretion of calcium (FECa) were analyzed as a function of 25-OH-D status. Results: Of the 35 study subjects, 14 (40%) and 13 (37%) had 25-OH-D deficiency or insufficiency, respectively. Those patients with a 25-OH-D level <15 ng/mL had higher serum iPTH concentrations as well as lower urinary calcium excretion and FECa. No significant correlations were found, however, between 25-OH-D status and iPTH concentrations (r = -0.21; P = 0.23), total 24-hour urinary calcium excretion (r = 0.07; P = 0.7), or FECa (r = 0.04; P = 0.8). Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency (25-OH-D levels <15 ng/mL) was common in our population of patients with PHPT. Urinary calcium excretion was not significantly altered by 25-OH-D deficiency in patients with newly recognized PHPT. Measurements of total urinary calcium excretion and FECa can be reliably used to rule out familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia in the initial evaluation of PHPT, regardless of 25-OH-D status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism