Mice homozygous for a disrupted TGF-β1 allele develop multiple lymphoproliferative disorders similar to those seen in the pseudolymphoma of Sjögren's syndrome. At 2 wk of age, these TGF-β1 mutant mice begin to develop wasting syndrome and die at around 4 to 5 wk of age. We studied salivary glands from symptomatic mutant mice > 14 days of age. Reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis showed up-regulation of proinflammatory cytokine genes such as IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and IFN-γ in these mutant mice. Enhanced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1), and MHC class II as well as CD4-positive T lymphocyte infiltration was detected by immunostaining. To elucidate the role of MHC class II, salivary glands from TGF-β1/MHC class II double knockout mice were used to investigate the expression of adhesion molecules and MHC class II. In spite of the existence of basal intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression on vessels, there was neither MHC class II expression, enhanced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, nor lymphocytic infiltration in the salivary glands. These results suggest that MHC class II plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of TGF-βl mutant mice. Although the mechanism that initiates multiple inflammatory diseases in these mice remains unclear, the context reported here would provide insight into the immunopathology of Sjögren's syndrome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy