PURPOSE: To identify characteristic computed tomographic (CT) findings in unusual pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders seen in adults with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the CT scans and pathologic specimens from nine patients with pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders. CT scans were evaluated for nodules, reticulation, areas of ground-glass attenuation, consolidation, and bronchial disease. Changes seen in pathologic specimens were classified as consistent with classic lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis (LIP), mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (MALTOMA), or atypical lymphoproliferative disorder (ALD). Immunopathologic results were reviewed when available. RESULTS: Eight patients had AIDS. Five patients had classic LIP. One patient had MALTOMA, and three patients had ALD. Altogether, 2-4-mm-diameter nodules were the predominant CT finding in eight patients; these were peribronchovascular in four patients. The presence of interstitial nodules correlated with the pathologic finding of nodular disease in seven patients. CONCLUSION: Familiarity with these AIDS-related disorders and their CT appearance should assist in the differential diagnosis.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
- Lymphoma, AIDS- related
- Lymphoma, CT
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging