Unmet needs in groups of traditionally underserved individuals with HIV/AIDS: Empirical models

Lisa A. Melchior, G. J. Huba, Tracey Gallagher, Eustache Jean-Louis, Sandra S. McDonald, Geoffrey A.D. Smereck, Victor F. German, Vivian B. Brown, A. T. Panter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the course of the HIV epidemic, the demographics of the populations of affected individuals have changed. Groups that traditionally have been underserved in systems of care have a number of unmet service needs. This article presents results based on data from 478 patients in five national demonstration projects which were funded to enroll individuals from traditionally underserved groups and to help them access services using different strategies. The participants in these programs had a high level of unmet need prior to enrolling in care. Data on client service needs were related to 17 indicators of traditionally underserved status including demographic characteristics and risk behaviors, using the data modeling method of Exhaustive CHAID (Chi- squared Automatic Interaction Detector). Crack cocaine users with HIV/AIDS were more likely than other patient groups to have unmet service needs. Patients who were homeless or in precarious housing also were vulnerable. Results are discussed in terms of designing and evaluating innovative service models to close these service gaps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-51
Number of pages23
JournalHome Health Care Services Quarterly
Volume19
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 6 2001

Keywords

  • CHAID
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Underserved
  • Unmet needs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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