Understanding and Addressing COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among Healthcare Providers in Bexar County, Texas

Hari N. Krishnakumar, Jay H. Shah, Lucas S. Rivas, Jason A. Rosenfeld, Courtney G. Denton, Melanie Stone, Anita Kurian, Ruth E. Berggren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: COVID-19 challenged our healthcare systems and unsurprisingly, so did its vaccine. Chief among these were the uniquely politicized nature and logistical difficulties surrounding its deployment. Understanding provider attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccines and their willingness/ability to deliver them is essential to developing an ideal vaccine distribution plan for Bexar County, Texas. Methods: An electronic survey was sent to providers serving adult patients across Bexar County. Membership includes representation from local hospitals, Bexar County Medical Society, and the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District's vaccination program. The survey measured provider attitudes toward the vaccines and asked logistical questions regarding patient hesitancy and clinic infrastructure. Results: Responses were collected from 66 ZIP codes (90% of ZIP codes in the county), and 377 providers answered the survey. Respondents who were unlikely to recommend the vaccine (3%) shared concerns involving distrust of the vaccine manufacturing process. Recommendations made by physicians to support their vaccine administration efforts included broadening the reporting timeframe (n=35), providing trained support staff (n=18), and improving logistical support (n=14). Furthermore, responses showed that only 14.44% of provider facilities were able to meet originally published refrigeration requirements to store Pfizer's vaccines compared with 87.47% for Moderna's vaccines. Conclusions: Survey results were used to improve the efficiency of vaccination programs and address vaccine hesitancy through various avenues of information delivery. It is recommended to replicate the outcomes and applications of this study in other populations to improve the efficiency of vaccination programs and reduce vaccine hesitancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100022
JournalAJPM Focus
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • healthcare providers
  • vaccine
  • vaccine hesitancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Informatics
  • Epidemiology

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