Underlying mechanisms at the bone–biomaterial interface.

Zvi Schwartz, B. D. Boyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

297 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to understand how biomaterials influence bone formation in vivo, it is necessary to examine Cellular response to materials in the context of wound healing. Four interrelated properties of biomaterials (chemical composition, surface energy, surface roughness, and surface topography) affect mesenchymal cells in vitro. Attachment, proliferation, metabolism, matrix synthesis, and differentiation of osteoblast‐like cell lines and primary chondrocytes are sensitive to one or more of these properties. The nature of the response depends on cell maturation state. Rarely do differentiated osteoblasts or chondrocytes see a mateial prior to its modification by biological fluids, immune cells and less differentiated mesenchymal cells in vivo. Studies using the rat marrow ablation model of endosteal wound healing indicate that ability of osteoblasts to synthesize and calcify their extracellular matrix is affected by the local presence of the material. Changes in the morphology and biochemistry of matriix vesicles, extracellular organelles associated with matrix maturation and calcification, seen in normal endosteal healing, are altered by implants. Moreover, the material exerts a systemic effect on endosteal healing as well. This may be due to local effects on gwoth factor production and secretion into the circulation, as well as to the fact that the implant may serve as a bioreactor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994

Keywords

  • bone formation
  • bone/implant interface
  • implant
  • matrix vesicles
  • osteoblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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