Ultrastructural Localization and Fluctuation in the Level of the Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen and myc Oncoproteins in Synchronized Neuroblastoma Cells

Yair Gazitt, Robert J. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method for rapid synchronization of neuroblastoma cells was developed using the thymidine block to arrest cells in the G1-S boundary. Following release from the thymidine block, cells traversed to G2-M in 7-8 h with 85% cell synchrony. Determination of the steady-state level of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) mRNA and protein by Northern and Western blots revealed an accumulation of the PCNA messenger RNA transcripts and PCNA protein at GrS and a rapid decrease when cells entered S phase. The level of both the messenger RNA transcripts and protein increased as the cells moved to late-S and G2-M. Similarly, the steady-state level of c-myc and N-myc messenger RNA transcripts and proteins increased during the GrS block, decreased when the cells entered S1 and increased as the cells moved through S phase to G2-M. However, immunofluorescence staining for PCNA and myc protein indicated a low level of staining for all three proteins at GrS and a significant increase in staining intensity during S phase. Similarly, immunoelectron microscopy revealed low levels of N-myc and c-myc staining during G1-S and increased staining during mid-S and late S phase of the cell cycle. These results suggest differential cell cycle-dependent accessibility of myc protein and PCNA to staining in the intact cells compared to the whole cell extract Furthermore, using immunofluorescence staining, confocal microscopy, and immunoelectron microscopy, we demonstrate for the first time that myc proteins are associated with the chromosomes during mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1899-1905
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume53
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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