Type 2 diabetes is associated with vertebral fractures in a sample of clinic- and hospital-based Latinos

K. L. Kilpadi, R. ElDabaje, J. E. Schmitz, B. Ehler, T. A. Thames, A. P. Joshi, J. W. Simmons, Joel E Michalek, R. J. Fajardo

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic population in the United States and type 2 diabetes is a major health burden in this population, but little effort has been made to study the prevalence of diabetic vertebral fragility in Latinos. We performed a cross-sectional study to determine vertebral fracture prevalence in a hospital-based population of South Texas residents (N = 296). We defined fractures in X-rays as a>20 % reduction in vertebral body height. Numerous variables were recorded, including age, body mass index, indicators of diabetes management and others. 71 % of the sample (N = 296) was Latino. The prevalence of vertebral fracture was increased in diabetic subjects relative to non-diabetic subjects (diabetic 27.9 %, non-diabetic 13.8 %) and, regardless of sex and diabetics status, decreased in Latinos relative to non-Latinos (Latino 16.7 %, non-Latino 26.4 %). These data suggest that vertebral fractures may be a growing concern for diabetic Latinos as well as diabetics of any racial/ethnic background.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-449
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Hispanic Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population
Body Height
Body Mass Index
X-Rays
Health

Keywords

  • Latino
  • Spinal fractures
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kilpadi, K. L., ElDabaje, R., Schmitz, J. E., Ehler, B., Thames, T. A., Joshi, A. P., ... Fajardo, R. J. (2014). Type 2 diabetes is associated with vertebral fractures in a sample of clinic- and hospital-based Latinos. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 16(3), 440-449. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9833-5

Type 2 diabetes is associated with vertebral fractures in a sample of clinic- and hospital-based Latinos. / Kilpadi, K. L.; ElDabaje, R.; Schmitz, J. E.; Ehler, B.; Thames, T. A.; Joshi, A. P.; Simmons, J. W.; Michalek, Joel E; Fajardo, R. J.

In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2014, p. 440-449.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kilpadi, KL, ElDabaje, R, Schmitz, JE, Ehler, B, Thames, TA, Joshi, AP, Simmons, JW, Michalek, JE & Fajardo, RJ 2014, 'Type 2 diabetes is associated with vertebral fractures in a sample of clinic- and hospital-based Latinos', Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 440-449. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9833-5
Kilpadi, K. L. ; ElDabaje, R. ; Schmitz, J. E. ; Ehler, B. ; Thames, T. A. ; Joshi, A. P. ; Simmons, J. W. ; Michalek, Joel E ; Fajardo, R. J. / Type 2 diabetes is associated with vertebral fractures in a sample of clinic- and hospital-based Latinos. In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 440-449.
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