We explored the genetic Control of cholesterolemic responses to dietary cholesterol and fat in 575 pedigreed baboons. We measured cholesterol in β- lipoproteins (low density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDLC]) in blood drawn from baboons while they were consuming a baseline (low in cholesterol and fat) diet, a high-saturated fat (lard) diet, and a high-cholesterol, high- saturated fat diet. In addition to baseline levels (LDLC(Base)), we analyzed two variables for diet response: LDLC(RF), which represents the LDLC response to increasing dietary fat (ie, high-fat diet minus baseline), and LDLC(RC), which represents the LDLC response to increasing dietary Cholesterol level (ie, high-cholesterol, high-fat diet minus high-fat diet). Heritabilities (h2) of the 3 traits were 0.59 for LDLC(Base), 0.14 for LDLC(RF), and 0.59 for LDLC(RC). In addition, LDLC(Base) and LDLC(RC) had a significant genetic correlation (ie; ρ(G) = 0.54), suggesting that 1 or more genes exert pleiotropic effects on the 2 traits. Segregation analyses detected a single major locus that accounted for nearly all genetic variation in LDLC(RC) and some genetic variation in LDLC(Base) and LDLC(RF) and confirmed the presence of a different major locus that influences LDLC(Base) alone. Preliminary linkage analyses indicated that neither locus was linked to the LDL receptor gene, a likely candidate locus for LDLC. Detection of these major loci with large effects on the LDLC response to dietary cholesterol in a nonhuman primate offers hope of detecting and ultimately identifying similar loci that determine LDLC variation in human populations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine