Two different genetic etiologies for tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in a single family

Kate Mowrey, Mary Kay Koenig, Charles A. Szabo, Joshua Samuels, Shannon Mulligan, Deborah A. Pearson, Hope Northrup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic condition that involves abnormalities of the skin, hamartomas in the heart, brain, and kidneys, seizures, as well as TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND). About 90%–95% of individuals with TSC will have an identifiable pathogenic variant in either TSC1 or TSC2. We present here two family members with clinical diagnoses of TSC that were later determined to be due to two different genetic etiologies. Methods: A 2-year-old Caucasian female (Patient 1) was born to non-consanguineous healthy parents and was determined to have a clinical diagnosis of TSC at 2 months old. Her paternal great-uncle (Patient 2) was also known to have a clinical diagnosis of TSC. Sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis for TSC1 and TSC2 were performed on both individuals. Results: Mutation analysis revealed that both Patient 1 and Patient 2 had identifiable pathogenic variants in TSC2. Patient 1 had c.4800_4801delTG (p.Cys1600Trpfs*2), while Patient 2 had c.4470_4471delinsTT (p.Glu1490_Lys1491delinsAsp*). Conclusion: To our knowledge, our clinical report is of significance as it is the third kindred to be identified with affected members with two distinct genetic etiologies for TSC. Our case report highlights the importance of incorporating genetic testing into the clinical evaluation for individuals with features suggestive of TSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1296
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • TSC2
  • genetic counseling
  • genetic testing
  • tuberous sclerosis complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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