Tumor secreted ANGPTL2 facilitates recruitment of neutrophils to the lung to promote lung pre-metastatic niche formation and targeting ANGPTL2 signaling affects metastatic disease

Manish Charan, Piyush Dravid, Maren Cam, Bhuvana Setty, Ryan D. Roberts, Peter J. Houghton, Hakan Cam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The pre-metastatic niche (PMN) represents an abnormal microenvironment devoid of cancer cells, but favoring tumor growth. Little is known about the mechanisms that generate the PMN or their effects on host cells within metastasisprone organs. Here, we investigated by using spontaneous metastatic models whether lung epithelial cells are essential for primary tumor induced neutrophil recruitment in lung and subsequently initiating PMN formation in osteosarcoma. We found that serum levels of ANGPTL2 in osteosarcoma patients are significantly higher compared to those in healthy controls and that ANGPTL2 secretion by tumor cells plays an essential role in osteosarcoma metastasis. We determined that tumor-derived ANGPTL2 stimulates lung epithelial cells, which is essential for primary tumor-induced neutrophil recruitment in lung and subsequent pre-metastatic niche formation. Lastly, we identified that a p63 isoform, ΔNp63, drives high level of ANGPTL2 secretion and pharmaceutical inhibition of ANGPTL2 signaling by a non-RGD-based integrin binding peptide (ATN-161) diminished metastatic load in lungs likely due to reduction of the lung pre-metastatic niche formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-522
Number of pages13
JournalOncotarget
Volume11
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • ANGPTL2
  • Neutrophils
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pre-metastatic niche formation
  • Tumor microenvironment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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