The pre-metastatic niche (PMN) represents an abnormal microenvironment devoid of cancer cells, but favoring tumor growth. Little is known about the mechanisms that generate the PMN or their effects on host cells within metastasisprone organs. Here, we investigated by using spontaneous metastatic models whether lung epithelial cells are essential for primary tumor induced neutrophil recruitment in lung and subsequently initiating PMN formation in osteosarcoma. We found that serum levels of ANGPTL2 in osteosarcoma patients are significantly higher compared to those in healthy controls and that ANGPTL2 secretion by tumor cells plays an essential role in osteosarcoma metastasis. We determined that tumor-derived ANGPTL2 stimulates lung epithelial cells, which is essential for primary tumor-induced neutrophil recruitment in lung and subsequent pre-metastatic niche formation. Lastly, we identified that a p63 isoform, ΔNp63, drives high level of ANGPTL2 secretion and pharmaceutical inhibition of ANGPTL2 signaling by a non-RGD-based integrin binding peptide (ATN-161) diminished metastatic load in lungs likely due to reduction of the lung pre-metastatic niche formation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
- Pre-metastatic niche formation
- Tumor microenvironment
ASJC Scopus subject areas