Tubulin is the endogenous inhibitor of the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase isoform that catalyzes membrane fusion

Implications for the coordinated regulation of glycolysis and membrane fusion

Paul E. Glaser, Xianlin Han, Richard W. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previously we demonstrated that specific chromatographically resolvable isoforms of rabbit brain GAPDH catalyze either glycolytic flux or membrane fusion activity (but not both). Moreover, GAPDH membrane fusion activity was latent until it was separated from an endogenous cytosolic inhibitor by anion-exchange chromatography. Herein we demonstrate that the cytosolic inhibitor is nondialyzable, heat-labile, and trypsin-sensitive, thereby identifying it as a cytosolic protein constituent. Chromatographic purification of the rabbit-brain cytosolic protein inhibitor of GAPDH isoform-catalyzed membrane fusion identified a predominant 55-kDa doublet that contained an internal 15-aa peptide identical to a sequence present in α-tubulin (residues 65-79). The identity of the 55-kDa doublet as tubulin was substantiated through Western blot analysis and inhibition of GAPDH-catalyzed membrane fusion by authentic tubulin. Stopped-flow kinetic analysis demonstrated the high-affinity, rapid, and direct modulation of GAPDH-catalyzed fusion activity by tubulin. Because GTP-activated Rab 2 recruits GAPDH to membranes about to undergo fusion [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 2480-2486] and protein kinase Cι/λ phosphorylates GAPDH modulating its interactions with tubulin [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 3334-3341], the present study suggests a coordinated mechanism through which membrane trafficking and cellular signaling can be integrated with glycolytic flux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14104-14109
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume99
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
Membrane Fusion
Glycolysis
Tubulin
Protein Isoforms
Rabbits
Membranes
Brain
Guanosine Triphosphate
Trypsin
Protein Kinase C
Anions
Chromatography
Proteins
Hot Temperature
Western Blotting
Peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Tubulin is the endogenous inhibitor of the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase isoform that catalyzes membrane fusion: Implications for the coordinated regulation of glycolysis and membrane fusion",
abstract = "Previously we demonstrated that specific chromatographically resolvable isoforms of rabbit brain GAPDH catalyze either glycolytic flux or membrane fusion activity (but not both). Moreover, GAPDH membrane fusion activity was latent until it was separated from an endogenous cytosolic inhibitor by anion-exchange chromatography. Herein we demonstrate that the cytosolic inhibitor is nondialyzable, heat-labile, and trypsin-sensitive, thereby identifying it as a cytosolic protein constituent. Chromatographic purification of the rabbit-brain cytosolic protein inhibitor of GAPDH isoform-catalyzed membrane fusion identified a predominant 55-kDa doublet that contained an internal 15-aa peptide identical to a sequence present in α-tubulin (residues 65-79). The identity of the 55-kDa doublet as tubulin was substantiated through Western blot analysis and inhibition of GAPDH-catalyzed membrane fusion by authentic tubulin. Stopped-flow kinetic analysis demonstrated the high-affinity, rapid, and direct modulation of GAPDH-catalyzed fusion activity by tubulin. Because GTP-activated Rab 2 recruits GAPDH to membranes about to undergo fusion [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 2480-2486] and protein kinase Cι/λ phosphorylates GAPDH modulating its interactions with tubulin [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 3334-3341], the present study suggests a coordinated mechanism through which membrane trafficking and cellular signaling can be integrated with glycolytic flux.",
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T1 - Tubulin is the endogenous inhibitor of the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase isoform that catalyzes membrane fusion

T2 - Implications for the coordinated regulation of glycolysis and membrane fusion

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AU - Han, Xianlin

AU - Gross, Richard W.

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N2 - Previously we demonstrated that specific chromatographically resolvable isoforms of rabbit brain GAPDH catalyze either glycolytic flux or membrane fusion activity (but not both). Moreover, GAPDH membrane fusion activity was latent until it was separated from an endogenous cytosolic inhibitor by anion-exchange chromatography. Herein we demonstrate that the cytosolic inhibitor is nondialyzable, heat-labile, and trypsin-sensitive, thereby identifying it as a cytosolic protein constituent. Chromatographic purification of the rabbit-brain cytosolic protein inhibitor of GAPDH isoform-catalyzed membrane fusion identified a predominant 55-kDa doublet that contained an internal 15-aa peptide identical to a sequence present in α-tubulin (residues 65-79). The identity of the 55-kDa doublet as tubulin was substantiated through Western blot analysis and inhibition of GAPDH-catalyzed membrane fusion by authentic tubulin. Stopped-flow kinetic analysis demonstrated the high-affinity, rapid, and direct modulation of GAPDH-catalyzed fusion activity by tubulin. Because GTP-activated Rab 2 recruits GAPDH to membranes about to undergo fusion [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 2480-2486] and protein kinase Cι/λ phosphorylates GAPDH modulating its interactions with tubulin [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 3334-3341], the present study suggests a coordinated mechanism through which membrane trafficking and cellular signaling can be integrated with glycolytic flux.

AB - Previously we demonstrated that specific chromatographically resolvable isoforms of rabbit brain GAPDH catalyze either glycolytic flux or membrane fusion activity (but not both). Moreover, GAPDH membrane fusion activity was latent until it was separated from an endogenous cytosolic inhibitor by anion-exchange chromatography. Herein we demonstrate that the cytosolic inhibitor is nondialyzable, heat-labile, and trypsin-sensitive, thereby identifying it as a cytosolic protein constituent. Chromatographic purification of the rabbit-brain cytosolic protein inhibitor of GAPDH isoform-catalyzed membrane fusion identified a predominant 55-kDa doublet that contained an internal 15-aa peptide identical to a sequence present in α-tubulin (residues 65-79). The identity of the 55-kDa doublet as tubulin was substantiated through Western blot analysis and inhibition of GAPDH-catalyzed membrane fusion by authentic tubulin. Stopped-flow kinetic analysis demonstrated the high-affinity, rapid, and direct modulation of GAPDH-catalyzed fusion activity by tubulin. Because GTP-activated Rab 2 recruits GAPDH to membranes about to undergo fusion [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 2480-2486] and protein kinase Cι/λ phosphorylates GAPDH modulating its interactions with tubulin [Tisdale, E. J. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 3334-3341], the present study suggests a coordinated mechanism through which membrane trafficking and cellular signaling can be integrated with glycolytic flux.

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