Tuberin regulates reactive oxygen species in renal proximal cells, kidney from rodents, and kidney from patients with tuberous sclerosis complex

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are an important endogenous source of DNA damage and oxidative stress in all cell types. Deficiency in tuberin resulted in increased oxidative DNA damage in renal cells. In this study, the role of tuberin in the regulating of ROS and NADPH oxidases was investigated. Formation of ROS and activity of NADPH oxidases were significantly higher in mouse embryonic fibroblasts and in primary culture of rat renal proximal tubular epithelial tuberin-deficient cells compared to wild-type cells. In addition, expression of NADPH oxidase (Nox)1, Nox2, and Nox4 (Nox isoforms) was higher in mouse embryonic fibroblasts and renal proximal tubular epithelial tuberin-deficient cells compared to wild-type cells. Furthermore, activity levels of NADPH oxidases and protein expression of all Nox isoforms were higher in the renal cortex of rat deficient in tuberin. However, treatment of tuberin-deficient cells with rapamycin showed significant decrease in protein expression of all Nox. Significant increase in protein kinase C βII expression was detected in tuberin-deficient cells, whereas inhibition of protein kinase C βII by bisindolylmaleimide I resulted in decreased protein expression of all Nox isoforms. In addition, treatment of mice deficient in tuberin with rapamycin resulted in significant decrease in all Nox protein expression. Moreover, protein and mRNA expression of all Nox were highly expressed in tumor kidney tissue of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex compared to control kidney tissue of normal subjects. These data provide the first evidence that tuberin plays a novel role in regulating ROS generation, NADPH oxidase activity, and Nox expression that may potentially be involved in development of kidney tumor in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1100
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Science
Volume107
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Kidney
  • reactive oxygen species
  • renal cells
  • tumor suppressor gene
  • tumorigenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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