L-tryptophan (L-Trp) effects on serum and pineal melatonin were studied in fasted and non-fasted rats. Oral administration of L-Trp during the day caused serum melatonin to increase 4-fold compared to that of saline treated rats; this occurred in both fasted and non-fasted animals. In the same animals, neither NAT, HIOMT, not melatonin levels were changed. In a second study, pinealectomized rats were loaded with L-Trp. In these animals, as in those that had an intact pineal gland, L-Trp loading caused a large increase in immunoreactive serum melatonin. The results suggest that the increased melatonin in serum due to L-Trp administration is primarily derived from an extrapineal organ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)