Treatment of Renovascular Hypertension with Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty: Experience in Spain

José C. Rodríguez-Pérez, Celia Plaza, Ricardo Reyes, Juan M. Pulido-Duque, Leocadia Palop, Hector Ferral, Manuel Maynar, Wilfrido R. Castaneda-Zuniga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The clinical results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) were evaluated in patients with renovascular hypertension, and the effect of PTA on blood pressure and renal function was determined. Between February 1982 and December 1990, 93 hypertensive patients underwent 123 renal artery PTA procedures. Mean patient age was 43.4 years (range, 12–78 years). Average baseline blood pressure was 162/111 mm Hg (range, 140–230/95–150 mm Hg). The cause of renovascular hypertension, as determined with angi-ography, was atherosclerosis in 37 patients, fibromuscular dysplasia in 27, and mixed disease in one; 28 patients had renal transplant arterial stenosis. In patients with atherosclerotic renal vascular disease or fibromuscular renal artery stenosis, systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly (P < .001) at 96 months after PTA. In patients with renal transplant arterial stenosis, blood pressure also decreased significantly (P < .001) at 12 months after PTA. Technical success was achieved in 78% of patients with atherosclerosis, 92% of patients with fibromuscular dysplasia, and 76% of patients with renal transplants. Complications were seen in 4.8% and were related to renal failure and vessel dissection. PTA is the therapy of choice in patients with renovascular hypertension due to fibromuscular dysplasia. Patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis or stenosis of a renal artery in a transplanted kidney should be selected according to the anatomy of the lesion and clinical patient characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • 961.72
  • FMD
  • Hypertension, renovascular, 81.72
  • PTA
  • Renal arteries, fibrodysplasia, 961.7224
  • Renal arteries, transluminal angioplasty, 961.1282
  • SD
  • fibromuscular dysplasia
  • percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
  • standard deviation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Rodríguez-Pérez, J. C., Plaza, C., Reyes, R., Pulido-Duque, J. M., Palop, L., Ferral, H., Maynar, M., & Castaneda-Zuniga, W. R. (1994). Treatment of Renovascular Hypertension with Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty: Experience in Spain. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 5(1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1051-0443(94)71462-7