Purpose: To report experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic injuries of the main renal artery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of traumatic injuries to the main renal artery was performed in three major trauma institutions. Eight patients (age range, 1746 y; mean age, 27 y) presented with main renal artery occlusion (n = 7) or dissection (n = 1) after major blunt abdominal trauma. Associated injuries were present in the majority of patients. The mean time from injury to intervention was 5 hours (range, 28 h). Results: Recanalization of the occluded renal artery with stent placement was successfully achieved in six patients. In two of the eight patients, interventions resulted in extravasation of contrast medium, and embolization of the main renal artery was performed. At follow-up 224 months after injury, four patients had kidney atrophy (two treated with embolization and two with stents), two had proven stent patency with functional kidneys, one was normotensive with unknown stent patency, and one was lost to follow-up. One of the patients with an occluded stent developed severe renal hypertension and required nephrectomy. Conclusions: The majority of occlusions and dissections of the main renal artery after major blunt abdominal trauma can be successfully treated with recanalization and stent placement. However, long-term kidney salvage is not always achieved, and there is a potential of development of renovascular hypertension, which may require late nephrectomy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine