Transnasal Placement of a Balloon-Expandable Metallic Stent: Human Cadaver Study of the Eustachian Tube

Jung Hoon Park, Woo Seok Kang, Kun Yung Kim, Byung Chul Kang, Jun Woo Park, Min Tae Kim, Nadar G. Bekheet, Seung Jun Hwang, Joonmyeong Choi, Kyu Jin Cho, Hong Ju Park, Ho Young Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To investigate the technical feasibility of stent placement in the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube (ET). Materials and Methods: Twelve ETs of 6 cadavers were used. Two different-sized stents were placed on either the right (2.5 mm in diameter) or left (3.5 mm in diameter) side of the ET. The procedural feasibility was assessed by subtraction Eustachian tubography, computed tomography before and after the procedure, and fluoroscopic and endoscopic images. The stent location, inner luminal diameter of the stented ET, radiation dose, procedural time, and fluoroscopy time were analyzed. Results: Stent placement was successful in 11 of 12 cadaveric specimens without procedure-related complications. In the 1 specimen, the balloon catheter with crimped stent was passed into the bony canal of the ET without any resistance. The distal end of the stent was located in the middle ear cavity. Stents were located within the cartilaginous portion of the ET (n = 1), the proximal tip bridging the nasopharyngeal orifice of the ET (n = 5), or the proximal end of the stent protruded from the tubal orifice (n = 5). The mean luminal diameter in the outer segment was significantly smaller than in the middle (P <.001) and inner (P <.001) segments. The mean procedure time was 128 ± 37 seconds. The mean radiation dose and fluoroscopy time of each cadaver were 3235.4 ± 864.8 cGy/cm2 and 139 ± 49 seconds, respectively. Conclusions: Stent placement of the ET under endoscopic and fluoroscopic guidance is technically feasible in a human cadaver model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1187-1193
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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