BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that combinations of multiple epigenetic modifications are essential for controlling gene expression. Despite numerous computational approaches have been developed to decipher the combinatorial epigenetic patterns or "epigenetic code", none of them has explicitly addressed the relationship between a specific transcription factor (TF) and the patterns.
METHODS: Here, we developed a novel computational method, T-cep, for annotating chromatin states associated with a specific TF. T-cep is composed of three key consecutive modules: (i) Data preprocessing, (ii) HMM training, and (iii) Potential TF-states calling.
RESULTS: We evaluated T-cep on a TCF7L2-omics data. Unexpectedly, our method has uncovered a novel set of TCF7L2-regulated intragenic enhancers missed by other software tools, where the associated genes exert the highest gene expression. We further used siRNA knockdown, Co-transfection, RT-qPCR and Luciferase Reporter Assay not only to validate the accuracy and efficiency of prediction by T-cep, but also to confirm the functionality of TCF7L2-regulated enhancers in both MCF7 and PANC1 cells respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study for the first time at a genome-wide scale reveals the enhanced transcriptional activity of cell-type-specific TCF7L2 intragenic enhancers in regulating gene expression.
- Intragenic enhancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas