New agents used in cancer chemotherapy are continually appearing which, in turn, leads to newer patterns of toxicity. This report reviews experience with some upper extremity lesions associated with chemotherapy. Doxorubicin extravasation caused deep soft tissue necrosis that was successfully managed by aggressive excision and delayed coverage with a well-vascularized Clap. Bleomycin resulted in palmar swelling, erythema, and digital pulp necrosis, which healed secondarily. Intravenous nitrogen mustard caused an immediate, and alarming, perivenous hyperpigmentation that was painless but long lasting. Bacille Calmette-Guerin immunotherapy was followed by a large, localized skin slough that was indolent, painful, and healed secondarily. 5-Fluorouracil was associated with permanent, dark pigmentation of the hands along with slough of the digital pulps. The myelosuppression resulting from combination therapy may also predispose these patients to fulminant hand infections, which can be lethal.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine