Total parenteral nutrition does not improve diaphragm development in premature baboons

L. C. Maxwell, T. J. Kuehl, K. Meredith, D. R. Gerstmann, R. A. Delemos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesized that total parenteral nutrition accelerates growth and development of diaphragm muscle (DPH) in prematurely delivered baboons (140 days gestation). For 10 days after delivery by cesarean section, we administered parenteral nutrition containing glucose, electrolytes, and water or total parenteral nutrition containing lipids, amino acids, glucose, vitamins, and electrolytes. After 10 days of care, dorsolateral and ventrolateral (VL) costal DPH were sampled for histochemically determined mean fiber area (MFA) and fiber type percentages. We determined isolated bundle isometric tension (normalized for cross-sectional area), time to peak tension, half-relaxation time, force-frequency relationship, and fatigability. Neither sex nor nutritional treatment affected contractile properties. Differences among sexes and muscle sites, but not among nutritional treatments, were observed for histochemical characteristics. In females, the VL DPH had a lower percentage of type IIo fibers and a greater MFA of type IIc fibers than the dorsolateral DPH and a lower percentage of type IIo fibers and greater MFA of type IIc and IIo fibers than the VL DPH in males. Mean fiber cross-sectional area of VL DPH was significantly greater in females than males. The larger fibers in females than males suggest a stronger DPH in females. Earlier growth of type II fibers in females could contribute to a better outcome for female than male premature infants with hyaline membrane disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • fatigability index
  • force-frequency relationship
  • glucose
  • intravenous lipids
  • mean fiber area
  • positive- pressure ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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