Toll-like receptors and b-cell receptors synergize to induce immunoglobulin class-switch dna recombination: Relevance to microbial antibody responses

Egest J. Pone, Hong Zan, Jingsong Zhang, Ahmed Al-Qahtani, Zhenming Xu, Paolo Casali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differentiation of nave B cells, including immunoglobulin class-switch DNA recombination, is critical for the immune response and depends on the extensive integration of signals from the B-cell receptor (BCR), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family members, Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and cytokine receptors. TLRs and BCR synergize to induce class-switch DNA recombination in T cell-dependent and T cell-independent antibody responses to microbial pathogens. BCR triggering together with simultaneous endosomal TLR engagement leads to enhanced B-cell differentiation and antibody responses. Te requirement of both BCR and TLR engagement would ensure appropriate antigen-specific activation in an infection. Co-stimulation of TLRs and BCR likely plays a significant role in anti-microbial antibody responses to contain pathogen loads until the T cell-dependent antibody responses peak. Furthermore, the temporal sequence of different signals is also critical for optimal B cell responses, as exemplified by the activation of B cells by initial TLR engagement, leading to the up-regulation of co-stimulatory CD80 and MCH-II receptors, which result in more efficient interactions with T cells, thereby enhancing the germinal center reaction and antibody affinity maturation. Overall, BCR and TLR stimulation and the integration with signals from the pathogen or immune cells and their products determine the ensuing B-cell antibody response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-29
Number of pages29
JournalCritical Reviews in Immunology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activation-induced (cytidine) deaminase
  • Adaptive immunity
  • Adjuvant
  • Antibody
  • Autophagy
  • B cell receptor
  • B lymphocyte
  • CD40
  • Class-switch DNA recombination
  • CpG
  • Cytokine
  • Dendritic cell
  • Germline transcription
  • Immunoglobulin
  • Innate immunity
  • LPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Toll-like receptors and b-cell receptors synergize to induce immunoglobulin class-switch dna recombination: Relevance to microbial antibody responses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this