Tissue specific and non-specific changes in gene expression by aging and by early stage CR

Chunxiao Fu, Morgen Hickey, Melissa Morrison, Roger McCarter, Eun Soo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging alters the expression of a variety of genes. Calorie restriction (CR), which extends life span in laboratory rodents, also changes gene expression. This study investigated changes in gene expression across three different tissues from the same mouse to examine how aging and early stage CR influence gene expression in different tissues of an organism. Expression profiling of heart, liver, and hypothalamus tissues was done in young (4-6 months) ad libitum fed (AL), young CR (2.5-4.5 months of CR), and old (26-28 months) AL male C57BL/6 mice. Aging significantly altered the expressions of 309, 1819, and 1085 genes in heart, liver, and hypothalamus tissues, respectively. In nine genes, aging altered expression across all three tissues although the regulation directions did not agree across all three tissues for some genes. Early stage CR in young mice significantly changed the expressions of 192, 839, and 100 genes in heart, liver, and hypothalamus tissues, respectively, and seven genes altered expression across all three tissues; three were up regulated and four were down regulated. The results of Gene Ontology (GO) Biological Process analysis indicated up regulation of antigen processing/presentation genes by aging and down regulation of stress response genes by early stage CR in all three tissues. The comparison of the results of aging and short term CR studies showed there were 389 genes, 18 GO biological processes, and 20 GO molecular functions in common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)905-916
Number of pages12
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume127
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Calorie restriction
  • Gene expression
  • Microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental Biology

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