Tissue integration of a new titanium-zirconium dental implant: A comparative histologic and radiographic study in the canine

Daniel S. Thoma, Archie A. Jones, Michel Dard, Leticia Grize, Marcel Obrecht, David L. Cochran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Background: This study evaluates a newly developed titanium± zirconium implant (TiZr), comparing it to a commercially available pure titanium (Ti) implant subjected to the same surface treatment. Methods: In nine dogs, 12 implants (six TiZr and six Ti) were randomly placed in themandiblewith the implant shoulder at the bone crest and subjected to submerged healing. Standardized radiographs were taken after implantation, and at the sacrifice of 2 weeks (three dogs), 4 weeks (three dogs), and 8 weeks (three dogs). Histologic and histomorphometric measurements were performed on non-decalcified histologic sections. The main outcomemeasures included the first bone±implant contact (fBIC) and BIC over time. For statistical analysis, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and mixed model regressions were applied. Results: From baseline to 8 weeks, a mean bone loss of 0.09 ± 0.33 mm for TiZr and a gain of 0.02 ± 0.33 mm for Ti were calculated radiographically. The number of implants with the fBIC coronal to the reference point (implant shoulder) gradually increased over time, reaching 39% of all TiZr implants and 50% of all Ti implants at 8 weeks. The mean fBIC values for Ti and TiZr were 0.29 ± 0.42 mm and 0.26 ± 0.32 mm (2 weeks), -0.01 ± 0.20 mm and 0.10 ± 0.28 mm (4 weeks), and -0.06 ± 0.22 mm and 0.08 ± 0.30 mm (8 weeks), respectively. The mean BIC values peaked at 86.9% ± 6.8% (8 weeks) for TiZr and at 83.4% ± 5.9% (4 weeks) for Ti. No statistically significant differences were observed at any time point. Conclusion: TiZr and Ti bone level implants with chemicallymodified, sandblasted, and acid-etched surfaces performed similarly in regards to osseointegration in this unloaded canine study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1453-1461
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • Animal
  • Dental implants
  • Histology
  • Models
  • Radiography
  • Titanium
  • Zirconium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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