PURPOSE: To evaluate a paclitaxel-eluting covered stent in reduction of tissue hyperplasia after stent placement in a canine urethral model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Procedures were performed in accordance with the National Institutes of Health guidelines for humane handling of animals; approval of the committee of animal research was obtained. Twenty paclitaxel-eluting polyurethane-covered stents (drug stents) and 20 polyurethane-covered stents (control stents) were placed alternately between the proximal and distal urethra in 20 male dogs. The dose of paclitaxel was approximately 1800 μg in each drug stent but absent in each control stent. Dogs were sacrificed either 4 (n = 10) or 8 (n = 10) weeks after stent placement. The percentage diameter of stenosis was assessed with follow-up retrograde urethrography and histologic findings obtained after sacrifice and compared between drug stents and control stents and between the proximal and the distal urethra. RESULTS: Two drug stents partially migrated during retrograde urethrography immediately after stent placement; they were removed and replaced with a second stent during the same procedure. There was a strong tendency toward a lower percentage diameter of stenosis and numeric mean values of the four histologic findings, which indicates less formation of tissue hyperplasia in the proximal urethra than in the distal urethra. In particular, thickness of the papillary projection denoting the entire thickness of hyperplastic reaction was significantly less in drug stents than in control stents in the proximal urethra in the 8-week group (P = .016, Mann-Whitney U test). CONCLUSION: Local delivery of paclitaxel via covered stents has the potential to reduce tissue hyperplasia secondary to stent placement in a canine urethral model. With stent placement, there are distinct differences of tissue hyperplasia between the proximal and distal urethra.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging