A locus for an autosomal dominant form of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA1) has been assigned to the short arm of chromosome 6 on the basis of linkage to the major histocompatibility system (HLA). In this study of a five-generation American black family, close linkage between the disease locus and both HLA and the coagulation factor XIIIA (F13A1) locus was excluded, and lod scores for all locations of the disease locus between HLA and L13A1 were less than -1.4. These results suggest that the locus causing spinocerebellar ataxia in this family is not in this region. However, the disease locus was found to be closely linked to a microsatellite polymorphism, D6S89, which is between HLA and L13A1. The maximum lod score for SCA1 and D6S89 is 4.90 at a recombination fraction of 0, both in males and in females. These data show that exclusion of close linkage to the HLA complex and L13A1 in a kindred with spinocerebellar ataxia does not rule out the possibility that the disease locus in that family is on 6p. Accordingly, all families segregating a dominantly inherited ataxia should be evaluated for linkage to D6S89, to determine whether the locus causing the disease is SCA1.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|State||Published - 1991|
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