Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome

Oscar Mayer, Robert Campbell, Patrick Cahill, Gregory Redding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS) is a broad grouping of disorders that have a substantial impact on the chest wall, spine, and in many situations, both. While the conditions are varied, they share a potentially substantial impact on respiratory capacity and development over time and a presentation and need for intervention that is often in early childhood. Addressing these conditions has required a new paradigm that involves both deformity correction and a preservation of growth capacity. While there are now a number of options to treat severe spinal deformity early in life, when the deformity causes or is caused by a chest wall deformity, the Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib(VEPTR) is able to support surgical correction of both. The skeletal correction is often quite dramatic, but the functional measurements of quality of life and pulmonary function often do not show as dramatic and improvement, but consistently show a stabilization indicating control of the progressive thoracospinal disorder that produced TIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-97
Number of pages26
JournalCurrent Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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