Thoracic Cardiovascular Complications of Tuberculosis

Carlos S. Restrepo, Tomas V. Gonzalez, Rahat Brar, Daniel Ocazionez, Marta Lucia Velasco, Rolando A. Reyna Lopez, Liliana Arias, Ameya J. Baxi, Jorge Carrillo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium infection remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although rare, thoracic cardiovascular complications are associated with devastating consequences if not promptly diagnosed using computed tomography. Intrapulmonary complications include tuberculous aortitis, Rasmussen aneurysms, involvement of bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arteries, and thromboembolic events. Extrapulmonary complications include pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis, involvement of coronary arteries, annular-subvalvular left ventricle aneurysms and mediastinal fibrosis. This article will review these complications and their computed tomography features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-165
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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