Thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid, an adduct of cysteamine and glyoxylate, as a substrate for d-amino acid oxidase

P. F. Fitzpatrick, V. Massey

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34 Scopus citations


A mixture of cysteamine and glyoxylate, proposed by Hamilton et al. to form the physiological substrate of hog kidney D-amino acid oxidase, was confirmed to act as a good substrate for the pure enzyme. As proposed by those workers, it was shown that the actual substrate is thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid, formed from cysteamine and glyoxylate with a second order rate constant of 84 min-1 M-1 at 37°C, pH 7.5. Steady state kinetic analyses reveal that thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid is a better substrate at pH 8.5 than at pH 7.5. At both pH values, the catalytic turnover number is similar to that obtained with D-proline. D-Amino acid oxidase is rapidly reduced by thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid to form a reduced enzyme-imino acid complex, as is typical with D-amino acid oxidase substrates. The product of oxidation was shown by NMR to be δ2-thiazoline-2-carboxylic acid. Racemic thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid is completely oxidized by the enzyme. The directly measured rate of isomerization of L-thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid to the D-isomer was compared to the rate of oxidation of the L-isomer by D-amino acid oxidase. Their identity over the range of temperature from 2-30°C established that the apparent activity with the L-amino acid can be explained quantitatively by the rapid, prior isomerization to D-thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1166-1171
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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