Therapeutic potential of melatonin in traumatic central nervous system injury

Supriti Samantaray, Arabinda Das, Nakul P. Thakore, Denise D. Matzelle, Russel J. Reiter, Swapan K. Ray, Naren L. Banik

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

A vast literature extolling the benefits of melatonin has accumulated during the past four decades. Melatonin was previously considered of importance to seasonal reproduction and circadian rhythmicity. Currently, it appears to be a versatile anti-oxidative and anti-nitrosative agent, a molecule with immunomodulatory actions and profound oncostatic activity, and also to play a role as a potent neuroprotectant. Nowadays, melatonin is sold as a dietary supplement with differential availability as an over-the-counter aid in different countries. There is a widespread agreement that melatonin is nontoxic and safe considering its frequent, long-term usage by humans at both physiological and pharmacological doses with no reported side effects. Endeavors toward a designated drug status for melatonin may be enormously rewarding in clinics for treatment of several forms of neurotrauma where effective pharmacological intervention has not yet been attained. This mini review consolidates the data regarding the efficacy of melatonin as an unique neuroprotective agent in traumatic central nervous system (CNS) injuries. Well-documented actions of melatonin in combating traumatic CNS damage are compiled from various clinical and experimental studies. Research on traumatic brain injury and ischemia/reperfusion are briefly outlined here as they have been recently reviewed elsewhere, whereas the studies on different animal models of the experimental spinal cord injury have been extensively covered in this mini review for the first time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pineal research
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Calpain
  • Melatonin
  • Melatonin receptors
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Traumatic CNS injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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