Therapeutic effects of melatonin on endometriosis, targeting molecular pathways: Current knowledge and future perspective

Mehran Sharifi, Nesa Rajabpoor Nikoo, Bita Badehnoosh, Rana Shafabakhsh, Reza Asemi, Russel J. Reiter, Zatollah Asemi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Endometriosis, the very serious disease in women creates a huge financial burden worldwide, which is comparable to diabetes mellitus. In addition to the typical pelvic pain, endometriosis is related to low life quality and decreased work efficiency; clinical consequences include mood complaints, metabolic impairments, inflammation, immunologic problems, and elevated malignancy risks. Several risk factors are correlated with endometriosis including elevated oxidative and nitrosative stress, long-lasting inflammation, raised immune tolerance, as well as autoimmunity. Melatonin is a natural molecule present throughout both the plant and animal kingdoms. It has numerous functions as an antioxidant and anti‐inflammatory agent. Due to the anti-proliferative, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-invasive features of melatonin, it performances as a beneficial agent to limit endometriosis; this involves several pathways including antiestrogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptosis effects, as well as reducing the growth of E2-induced endometriotic tissue. Moreover, melatonin can favor sleep quality and decrease the unwanted signs in the patients. However, most of the data on melatonin accured from experimental works and additional clinical trials are needed. This review summarizes what is currently known regarding the influence of melatonin on endometriosis. Availability of data and material: Not applicable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number154368
JournalPathology Research and Practice
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Endometriosis
  • Hormone
  • Inflammation
  • Melatonin
  • Ovary
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pineal gland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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