The vulnerability to coaching across measures of effort

Adrianne M. Brennan, Stephen Meyer, Emily David, Russell Pella, Ben D. Hill, Wm Drew Gouvier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Neuropsychologists are increasingly called upon to conduct evaluations with individuals involved in personal injury litigation. While the inclusion of measures of effort within a test battery may help clinicians determine whether a client has put forth full effort, attorney coaching may allow dishonest clients to circumvent these efforts. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which frequently used measures of effort are susceptible to coaching, as well as to explore and classify strategies undertaken by coached malingering simulators. Overall, coached simulators performed significantly better on 7 of 14 measured variables. Potential improvements in the external validity of the simulation design were also explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-328
Number of pages15
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • Attorney coaching
  • Head injury
  • Malingering
  • Methodology
  • Strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'The vulnerability to coaching across measures of effort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this