The United States' progress toward eliminating catheter-related bloodstream infections: Incidence, mortality, and hospital length of stay from 1996 to 2008

Kelly R. Daniels, Christopher R. Frei

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background: Approximately 250,000 catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) occurred in the United States in 2002. These preventable infections unnecessarily increase mortality and prolong hospitalization. This study provides national estimates of CRBSIs over 13 years (1996-2008) and identifies trends in mortality and hospital length of stay. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Hospital Discharge Surveys from 1996 to 2008. Adults ≥20 years of age with an ICD-9-CM code for CRBSI (996.62 or 993.3x) were included. Population estimates were obtained from the US Census Bureau, and incidence rates were reported per 10,000 persons. Results: These data represent 1.5 million discharges. CRBSIs increased from 4.3 cases/10,000 persons in 1996 to 7.0 cases/10,000 persons in 2003. Thereafter, rates declined until 2008 (5.1 cases/10,000 persons). Mortality declined from 7.6% in 1996 to 5.9% in 2008. Median hospital length of stay (8 days) remained constant throughout the study period. Conclusion: CRBSIs in US adults increased from 1996 to 2003 then declined until 2008. Patient mortality also declined throughout the study period, whereas hospital length of stay remained constant.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)118-121
    Number of pages4
    JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
    Volume41
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

    Keywords

    • Catherization
    • Central venous
    • Infection control

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Epidemiology
    • Health Policy
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Infectious Diseases

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'The United States' progress toward eliminating catheter-related bloodstream infections: Incidence, mortality, and hospital length of stay from 1996 to 2008'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this